The freedom of religion is stipulated and guaranteed by the constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria. Article 13, Paragraph 1 of the constitution states that all citizens are free to worship and that the religious institutions are separate from the state. The constitution requires that the state provides all necessary conditions for every Bulgarian citizen to exercise his or her right to freely worship. It considers the right of religion together with the right of thought and conscience as basic human rights.
The Eastern Orthodoxy is designated as the traditional religion in Bulgaria and its representative is the Bulgarian Orthodox Church. It is the prevailing religion in the country although the other two branches of Christianity – Roman Catholicism and Protestantism are also represented. According to the latest census from 2011, 76% of the people who revealed their religious affiliation consider themselves as orthodox and around 1% - Catholics and Protestants each.
The census shows also that 10 % of Bulgarian citizens consider themselves Muslim, all other religions are under 1 % and nearly one tenth of the population does not reveal any religious affiliation.
The registered religions in Bulgaria are established world religions such as Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Daoism, as well as some eclectic religious movements dating from the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century.
The content of this article is prepared with the assistance of the Directorate on Religious Denominations at the Council of Ministers